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10 Animals Similar to Chimpanzees

Chimpanzee relaxing on a branch.

There are many animals that are similar to chimpanzees in nature. These animals are unique in their own way, yet they complement chimpanzees in their behavior and lifestyle. Chimpanzees live an average of 15 to 30 years.

However, in captivity, they can live up to 40 years. By the age of 10 years old, chimpanzees live with their moms and begin their own families around the ages of 13-15. Chimpanzees lost their homes due to deforestation, wars, and habitat destruction.

Chimpanzees are also killed for their meat, and their babies are sold to exotic pet industries. The oldest chimpanzee was 64 years old when it died. Another critical factor is that chimpanzees and humans share a DNA structure that is 98 percent compatible.

The animals listed below share differences and similarities. Some are free-spirited, some enjoy living in family settings, some enjoy being in isolation, and yet others are diversified. The most shocking animal in this group is perhaps the Bonobo.

Its social interactions and sexual appetites are in line with some humans. The fact that animals live longer in captivity is due to several factors. First, they get the proper diet that helps them develop properly.

Secondly, they get the medical attention they do not get by living on their own, and thirdly, they are safe from poaching, predators, and wild fires, and other elements that threaten their existence. These amazing facts will help you to understand both the differences and similarities these animals have with the chimpanzees.

1. Gorilla Facts

Close-up shot of gorilla in the forest.

Where do Gorillas Live?

Gorillas live in the lowlands in groups of five to 10. In some instances, they live in groups of 50, with a dominant male leading the group. Everyone in the group is submissive to the leader of the group, and all follow his lead without confrontation.

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What do they eat?

Gorillas enjoy a Veterinarian diet of fruits, bamboo shoots, and plant stems. However, gorillas living in the lowlands have an appetite for ants, termites, and termite larvae.

Gorilla Lifespan

Gorillas can live up to 35 – 40 years in the wild, on their own, and up to 63 years in captivity. The chimpanzee’s and gorillas’ locations and habitations are similar in this regard to this. The differences in both species are in their lifespan, both in captivity and in the wild.

Chimpanzees outlive gorillas by 5 to 10 years. Gorillas belong to the gorilla family, while chimpanzees belong to the pan family. However, both are members of the primate sector.

For this reason, they do share some similarities. Gorillas are taller than chimpanzees and they weigh more.

2. Mountain Gorilla Facts

Mountain Gorilla in national park of Rwanda.

Their fur is thicker and fuller than their cousins, as it helps them to stay warm during freezing weather. Around 1,063 mountain gorillas exist. They are a subspecies of the eastern gorilla.

They have 16 different types of vocal calls, which consist of roars and hoots.

Where do they live?

They live up to 13,000 feet in the highest mountains. Humans have dominated their habitat and pushed them farther into the mountains, oftentimes putting them in danger. They are on the endangered species list.

They can weigh up to 440 lbs., and stand up to 5 1/2 feet. They like living around settlements and agricultural surroundings.

What do they eat?

Although they love vegetation, they also enjoy the delicacy of ants, snails, tree barks, roots, and decaying wood.

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Lifespan

In the wild, they can live up to 40 years.

3. Orangutan Facts

Orangutan mother with child in nature.

Organgutans are called great apes. Their scientific name is Pongo. They share 97 percent of their DNA with us, humans.

They are observant, intelligent, inquisitive, and patient. The male stands about 1.5m and weighs 93 to  130kg. The female’s height is around 1.2m. and weighs 48 to 55kg.

The orangutan’s arms are longer than its body and measure over two meters. Using their fists and the palms of their hands, they can walk on all fours. They are on the endangered species list.

Without intervention,  they would probably be distinct within the next 10 years.

Where do they live?

Their home is in the rainforest, which is soon disappearing due to human deforestation, fires, and drought. However, they spend most of their time sleeping in trees.

What do they eat?

They eat a mixture of fruits and leaves from the trees in the rainforest. They also eat tree bark, insects, and a little meat from time to time.

Lifespan

In the wild, they can live up to 40 years.

4. Great Ape Facts

Great Ape climbing on the tree.

Apes do not have tails, and they are smaller than monkeys and chimpanzees. Apes have large brains, which allow them to learn languages and use tools, and they are good at math. Just like humans, they make their beds.

However, you will never find them sleeping in the same place twice. They build their nest bed with strong twigs and branches, strong enough to support their weight.

Where do they live?

 They are a rare species, only found in the Dominican Republic of Congo.

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What do they eat?

They are omnivores. This means that their diet consists of shoots, stalks, leaves, fruit mainly, plants, roots, and leaves.  

5. Bonobo Facts

Bonobo family in the forest.

This might be the only animal that enjoys sex more than humans. The Bonobo is sexually active from birth until death. They engage in orgies, homosexual relationships, and masturbation.

They are also known as pygmy chimpanzees, and they have two big opposite toes. They have 24 chromosome pairs, their height is 28 to 35 inches, and their weight is 68 to 86 pounds.

Where Does it Live?

They live in the Dominican Republic of Congo, Central Africa, and the Congo Basin. They also live in swamp forest areas, but they are not great swimmers.

What Does it Eat?

The bonobo eats fruits, tree bark, seeds, honey, flowers and leaves.

6. Gibbons

Gibbon sitting on a branch of tree.

They are diurnal apes that are small in size. They weigh from 4.4 to 7.4 kg and stand 42 to 59 cm, and their arms are much longer than their legs. They are great balancers.

If you see them holding their hands above their heads, this is how they balance themselves by walking the tight rope on trees. They are by far the fastest, non-flying arboreal of their species. They typically space their pregnancies 2 to 3 years apart.

While they have single births, twins are a possibility.

Where do they live?

They live in China, Indonesia, India, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, and Myanmar. They are family oriented and love living in family settings. However, they are very territorial.

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They live and travel in trees and decomposed forest 

What do they eat?

They eat their share of leaves and flowers. They are considered frugivorous. 

7. Borneo Orangutan Facts

Borneo Orangutan in the wild jungle.

The Bornean orangutan’s scientific name is Pongo pygmaeus. It is the only ape native to Asia. It is considered an endangered species.

The adult males’ height is 3.9 to 4.6 feet, and weigh 110 to 220 lbs. The adult females’ height is 3.3 to 3.9 feet, and weigh 66 to 110 lbs. They enjoy living in peat swamps among decomposing trees and leaves, and in lowland areas filled with swamps.

One area they acclimate to is the dipterocarp forest. The dipterocarp forest contains 2 winged fruits that these primates enjoy eating. The rainforest is primary in their choice of habitation, with the forest being secondary.

They sleep 40 to 50 feet off the earth in a nest made from vegetation debris. They cannot swim, which limits their boundaries. They enjoy living in peat swamps among decomposing trees and leaves, and in lowland areas filled with swamps.

One area they acclimate to is the dipterocarp forest. The dipterocarp forest contains 2 winged fruits that these primates enjoy eating. The rainforest is primary in their choice of habitation, with the forest being secondary.

Where do they live?

They are located on the Island of Borneo. They spend their lives off the ground as much as possible. They sleep 40 to 50 feet off the earth in a nest made from vegetation debris.

They cannot swim, which limits their boundaries. 

What do they eat?

They rarely come down for food, but they make habitat in groups of six or more. Their physical activity is in synch with the mast fruiting season, as this is when they are most active and can be seen walking quadrupedally or bipedally.

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Lifespan

In the wild, they live up to 50 years, and in captivity they live up to 59 years. For the females in the wild, it’s 57.3 years in captivity, and for the males it is 58.8 years in captivity. In the wild, the female lives up to 35 years and the male lives up to 50 years.

8. Sumatra Orangutan

Sumatra Orangutan standing on the green grass.

The Sumatran orangutan, scientific name Pongo abelii, is a critically endangered species of orangutan. It is one of three of its kind. The female stands 3 to 4.3 feet, and the male stands 4.5 to 6 feet.

Females do not go through menopause, and can conceive and give birth in their early 50s. 

Where do they live?

They are found in Indonesia on the Island of Sumatra. Their lives are spent swinging in tree tops and building nests for homes. They are found on the Island of Sumatra in Indonesia in the rain forests of the Asian Islands.

What do they eat?

The Sumatra diet consists of 60 percent of fruit, young tender leaves, tree shoots and barks, insects, mangoes, eggs, small vertebrates, and insects. Their need for water is not a necessity, as they get water from fruit and from holes in trees.

Lifespan

Females in the wild can live from 44 to 53 years and the males from 47 to 58 years. Even in captivity, their  lifespan is the same.

9. Tapanuli Orangutan

Tapanuli Orangutan in the nature holding bananas.

The Tapanuli orangutan was the newest discovered orangutan found in the forests of Sumatra and Batang Toru in 1997. It is only found in 1100 forests located in both the south and north districts of Tapanuli and in the North Sumatra province. The species is listed as critically endangered on the Red List of IUCN.

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There are fewer than 800 Tapanuli orangutans in existence today. This is mainly due to humans deforesting their habitat to create new plants or projects. They carefully construct their nest for day or night use exclusively. 

The females stand under 4 feet tall, and the males under 5 feet tall. While the males can weigh up to 200 lbs, the females can weigh up to 99 lbs. They can travel 2.7 miles per hour, and they use homemade tools to assist them with eating and drinking.

Where do they live?

They are located on the Island of Sumatra in Indonesia. They are found in the districts of north and south Tapanuli, located on the South Lake of Toba. They live in tropical rainforests, on mountains and hills, and on tall terrain.

Their favorite places to habitat are undisturbed forests, and areas where crops are grown. They are solidarity mammals. They enjoy their quiet time away from others. 

What do they eat?

Their diet is similar to the diets of their closest relatives. They love to eat plant and tree saplings, leaves, insects, tree bark, plants, honey, eggs, and buds. However, fruit makes up the biggest part of their diet.

Lifespan

Their lifespan is 30 to 40 years in the wild.

10. Western Orangutan

Female Western Orangutan sitting at tree trunk.

The average Western Orangutan weighs 200 to 450 pounds and stands six feet tall, eight feet if his arm is extended. The female weighs 150 to 200 pounds and stands five feet, six feet if her arms are extended.

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Where do they live?

They live in Central Africa where they enjoy the swamplands of the rainforest. They love the dense and secluded area away from the crowd. They make their homes about 1600 feet above sea level.

For this reason, they are rarely seen by humans, which is good for them, no doubt. They live in groups called troops, and these troops contain four to 10 members. They are not great distance travelers.

Their travel distance is less than one mile per day. 

What do they eat?

Their omnivore diet allows them to enjoy both plant-based foods and meat. Their diet consists of shoots, bark, insects, leaves, ants, termites,flowers, and more than 200 species of plants. Their diet is similar to other primates of their type including the chimpanzee.

Lifespan

The Western gorilla can live 30 to 40 years in the wild, and up to 50 years in captivity. Just like their close relatives, their existence and lifespan is threatened by humans invading their habitat, poaching, and the destruction of their forests.